We all know that maintaining high quality water is very essential to our health, environment, agriculture and recreational activities on waterways, coastal waters and wetlands. However, human activities in urban areas have negatively affected water quality. Factories, automotive, and sewage are the main culprits of water pollution in urban areas. With that in mind, we’ll take you through the 5 major water quality issues in urban areas.
1. Health issues
We all drink and bath with water coming directly from the source. However, cities with poor purification practices can put the residents at risk of some water-borne diseases like tuberculosis, typhoid, and cholera. According to WHO, 3-5 million cholera cases are reported every year with 100,000-200,000 deaths. It’s therefore appropriate that your local government takes the appropriate measures to purify the water.
Also, water polluted with minerals such as calcium and magnesium can lead to skin and hair fall problems. Many people bathing with hard water can notice dry skin and hair fall. In children, eczema is the most common effect of hard water. You could also notice clogged appliances and non-leathering soaps and shampoos. That said, you can successfully avoid all of the above problems by installing an effective water filtration and softening system. You can find more review details about these appliances on WaterSystemExperts.co.uk
2. Death of animals
We’ve already talked about the effects of polluted water on humans, what about on animals? With the reckless behavior of humans disguised as economic and technological progress, the future of most life forms on earth is endangered. Humans can only feel the effects of poor quality water when showering drinking or cleaning.
For animals however, living in water contaminated with industrial and human waste could be disastrous. A good example is the recent oil spillage which occurred in the US coastline. This in turn affected thousands of marine animals with most dying just 6 months later.
3. Increased utility bills
Poor quality water polluted with minerals such as calcium, magnesium and iron can result to higher economic cost. To begin with, you’ll have to spend more to effectively purify drinking water. Most water filtration systems are not that cheap as well as the added utility bills that comes with them. Also, fisheries could lose their revenues because of the scarce fish as well as customers tending to shy away from fish out of these polluted sources.
4. Destruction of ecosystems
Ecosystems are extremely fragile and can respond to even the smallest changes in the environment. Nutrient pollution from upstream mostly flows downstream and could even come in contact with larger water bodies. As a result, algae growth is bred leading to growth of other water organism. These algae could attack aquatic animals like fish by clogging their gills as well as reducing their oxygen supply.
5. Bad taste and smell
Impurities in water are the main cause of bad taste and foul smell. Your water could taste salty or smell rotten due to the availability of sulfates. Your drinking water can also taste and smell chlorine which is used by your local water authorities for disinfection. Lastly, if you notice a metallic taste and smell, it could mean the availability of copper, lead, mercury or iron. All these contaminants can give your drinking water a bad taste as well as being harmful to your body and appliances.
So, which other issue do you feel we should mention? As we have seen above, polluted water can be a recipe for a lot of damages. It’s therefore urgent that the government, private sector, and individuals to collectively find a permanent solution to all these problems. As always, you can leave use your opinion about this post in the comments section below.